Understanding of Environmental Refugee or Climate Refugee
Scope of Media Intervention

-Shahriar Hossain, Ph.D.
Ecologist and Environmental Journalist

The term ‘environmental refugee’ link with ‘force environmental migration’ and to ended to the ‘climate refugee’. So it considered people have to live their home, locality, even the country by the natural disaster and the environmental degradation.

Environmental migrant refers to people who are forced to migrate from or flee their home region due to sudden or long-term changes to their local environment which compromise their well being or secure livelihood, such changes are held to include increased droughts, desertification, sea level rise, and disruption of seasonal weather patterns such as monsoons.[1] Environmental migrants may flee to or migrate to another country or they may migrate internally within their own country.[2] However, the term ‘environmental migrant’ is used somewhat interchangeably with a range of similar terms, such as ‘environmental refugee’, ‘climate refugee’, ‘climate migrant’, although the distinction between these terms is contested. Despite problems in formulating a uniform and clear-cut definition of ‘environmental migration’, such a concept has increased as an issue of concern in the 2000s as policy-makers, environmental and social scientists attempt to conceptualise the potential societal ramifications of climate change and general environmental degradation.

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